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When it comes to making money, passive income is the ultimate holy grail – it’s money that you don’t have to trade your time for. It’s money that just shows up in your bank account month and after month while you are sleeping.
One of my favorite money quotes is from Warren Buffett, the Oracle of Omaha himself, “If you don’t find a way to make money while you sleep, you will work until you die.”
Ain’t that the truth!
How to Make a Passive Income
So, how do you make money while you sleep? The good news is that you don’t need to reinvent the wheel with passive income ideas, and you have plenty of free educational resources to help you learn how to create it.
But let’s get something straight – most passive income takes a lot of work to set up. There are very few ways to actually make money with no effort. But there are a ton of ways to make A LOT of money over time by putting in the upfront effort. Investment of money, investment of time, and for most passive income streams, it takes both!
Yes, it takes initial effort and money to start building passive income. Over time though, as you stack up multiple passive income streams, your income starts snowballing. With each new passive income investment, you see more money coming in every month.
Eventually, your passive income streams bring in enough money to cover your expenses. At that point, you’ve reached financial independence: you are no longer dependent on your job to live. You can retire if you like, whether you’re 30 or 80.
Want to make your job optional? Read on.
61 Passive Income Ideas for 2020
So, where do you invest all that money you’re saving? What are your options for passive income investments?
The following passive income ideas run the gamut from easy to difficult, low-return to high, high-risk to low. As you peruse the list, pick two or three that jump out at you. Don’t try to invest in more than that for now – most of these passive income investments have a learning curve, and if you bite off more than two or three, you’ll find yourself with too much to chew.
1. Crowdfunded Rental Properties
Rental properties are near and dear to my heart.
In an extremely long-term study — measuring returns over the last 145 years — guess which investment beat out even stocks, for the best returns?
Best of all, rents and real estate values combine the low volatility of bonds with the high returns of stocks. And like stocks, investors benefit from both ongoing passive income and value appreciation.
Unlike Airbnb, where you rent and manage your own space, crowdfunding companies like Fundrise and DiversyFund let you invest in rental properties in a completely hands-off process. With a relatively small investment of $500, your return will come out to a truly passive stream of income. I make about $500 a month through my own Fundrise investments. The low minimum makes Fundrise and DiversyFund accessible to most and provides plenty of options for property investment.
If you’re an accredited investor with a higher net worth, check out CrowdStreet, which requires a $10,000 minimum investment but allows you to invest directly into properties of your choosing (versus the “beginner”, “long term growth” etc. portfolios that Fundrise offers), and better yet, CrowdStreet charges nothing in fees.
Regardless of which platform you choose, if you’re considering rental properties as a passive income investment, start with free rental investing video courses and landlord software from SparkRental.
They’ll show you exactly how to forecast cash flow, provide a free rental income calculator, free online rental application and tenant screening services, and everything else you need to get started earning passive income from rentals.
If you only learn one lesson before buying a rental property, learn how to forecast cash flow. It’s one of the significant advantages of rental properties: the returns and passive income are predictable. The problem is that most new investors don’t know how to predict them accurately.
Rental properties come with large-but-irregular expenses, such as vacancies, repairs, and maintenance. That means that while expenses can fluctuate on a month-to-month basis, they are predictable when averaged over a year-to-year basis.
So, rental investors need to budget for the long-term average of these irregular expenses, just as you now do with the irregular expenses in your personal budget.
To learn more, read our comparison post on real estate crowdfunding websites. You can also read up on how to make money from out-of-state rental properties, or on House Hacking, another popular strategy for making passive income through real estate.
Robo-investing is a method of investing that diversifies your portfolio and uses algorithms to enhance yields.
In other words, robo-advising gives your investment strategies that AI edge that is currently all the rage in trading.
Robo-investing is a fantastic time-saver (no more wasted time in laborious research on which stocks to invest in). Instead, tools like M1Finance allow you to opt for flexibility – automagically ride the market while reducing volatile risks that come with traditional investing.
In short: higher returns, passively.
3. Start a Blog
What are you passionate and knowledgeable about? Share it with the world!
No matter how small the niche, other people in the world share your enthusiasm. Did you know that there are blogs dedicated to sungazing: the practice of staring at the sun, and consuming your energy that way instead of eating?
Or ugly Renaissance-era babies?
I bet your blog idea feels less weird now.
As you build traffic, you can start to monetize your blog by mentioning affiliate products or services, or by publishing ads on the blog, or by selling your own products or services.
Starting a blog might be the perfect side hustle – you can do it on your own time, build multiple passive income streams, meet new people, and unlock tons of new opportunities.
It’s also low risk (just a few bucks a month can have you up and running on Bluehost, which I use personally for my sites), but offers tons of income potential.
Just remember, like traditional investing, a blog is a long-term play. You won’t generate income on the first post you publish. But keep sharing good content and solid advice, and the returns will find momentum.
The important part is to just 👏 get 👏 started 👏
I started blogging simply because I love thinking and writing about money. But along the way, I’ve made over $1 million as a result of launching the Millennial Money blog 3 years ago.
If you’re interested in getting started but want more info, I offer a free 7 Day Blogging Side Hustle Email Course that shares the exact strategy I used.
4. Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs)
Real estate investment trusts, or REITs, tend to pay generous dividends.
Why? Because REITs typically invest in income-producing properties or high-interest debt service, so they’re inherently more passive income-oriented investments.
REITs tend to do well when real estate markets are performing well, and their dividends and values suffer when real estate markets suffer. But one advantage here is that investors can buy and sell REITs just as quickly and easily as mutual funds, on the same exchanges, yet still benefit from the diversification of entirely different markets.
Just because equity markets may crash doesn’t mean real estate markets will, and vice versa. If you’re looking to diversify your portfolio into real estate – but don’t want to invest directly – REITs can be a high-yield option.
DiversyFund REITs Minimum: $500 DiversyFund REITs are our top-ranked company for REITs because they only invest in multifamily cash flow positive properties in high growth areas, which is one of the least risky types of real estate.
5. Rent Out Rooms (or Full Units) on Airbnb
Don’t want a full-time housemate?
Consider renting your spare bedroom(s) to short-term guests. You can set your own schedule, and only rent out your space when you feel like it.
That means if your in-laws are coming next month, you can block off those dates on Airbnb.
But the possibilities don’t end with renting out spare bedrooms. If you’re going on a two-week trip yourself, why not rent your entire home on Airbnb?
Or, for that matter, buy rental properties specifically to rent on Airbnb, rather than screening and leasing to long-term tenants?
My friend Zack just converted his rental property (also in Fells Point, incidentally) to a short-term vacation rental. And it took some work: he had to furnish the property, turn on utilities in his name, and create a system for guests to access the property without him being physically present.
But when the work was finished, he booked several months’ worth of mortgage payments within the first day of listing the property on Airbnb.
6. High-Yield Dividend Stocks & Funds
While most dividend-paying stocks pay only 1.5-3.5% in dividends at best, a minority pay high yields in the 6-8% range. You don’t have to be an expert though, take the opportunity to learn.
Take a look at Betterment as a great option. Stock and ETF Trades are FREE, compared to over $10 per stock with plenty of brokers.
Granted, those dividends aren’t written in stone. If the company has a bad quarter, it may not pay a dividend at all. Or the company may go out of business entirely, for that matter. That’s the risk you run with equities.
Instead of trying to pick individual stocks, another option is investing in mutual funds and ETFs that specialize in high dividend yields. Try researching funds on either your investment bank’s stock screener, or you can use a free service like Yahoo’s stock screener if you haven’t opened an account yet with an investment bank.
Watch out for high fund management fees. Actively-managed funds often charge high fees, which can eat up much of the fund’s returns.
When in doubt, invest in a passively-managed, low-cost index fund. According to Matthew Frankel from The Motley Fool, 92% of actively-managed funds have underperformed the market over the last 15 years.
To learn more, check out these best investing strategies.
7. Peer to Peer (P2P) Lending
One not-so-dissimilar option is lending money to individuals through peer-to-peer lending websites.
You can pick and choose the borrowers and loans that you like, browsing through the loan requests on these websites. The returns typically range in the 6-10% spectrum – nothing to scoff at.
Of course, at the higher end of that spectrum, expect the risk to be significantly higher too. Note that P2P websites tend to make personal loans, rather than real estate investment loans.
If these loans interest you, start with a small amount of money for your first loan. An amount that wouldn’t cripple you financially if you never saw it again.
As you get more comfortable with evaluating loans on these platforms, you can gradually scale up your investments here. While I have not invested in P2P website loans myself, I’ve known other passive income writers who have seen great success with them.
8. Purchase Bonds
Bonds are the classic, traditional passive income stream. An old standby for retirees given their relative safety and stability.
The premise is simple enough: you lend money to a government or corporation by buying a bond for a certain length of time, say ten years. For the next ten years, they make interest payments to you. Then, upon reaching maturity, you get your original investment back.
Of course, by that point, the original balance will have lost money to inflation. So, the question with bonds becomes, “Does the interest I receive justify the money lost to inflation and the opportunity cost of not investing in a higher-yield investment?”
In a study of returns over 145 years between 1870-2015, bonds’ average returns were less than half those of stocks, at 2.5% compared to 6.89%. But their volatility – and therefore their risk – is also far lower than stocks.
Personally, I don’t like bonds. There’s too much opportunity cost for anyone under 50. But if it makes sense for you, try Ally Invest with trades at $1 per bond per transaction.
If you’re young, you can tolerate the added risk and volatility of stocks. As you close in on retirement, start looking closer at bonds as a more stable passive income stream.
9. Certificates of Deposit (CDs)
Speaking of low-return, low-risk…
Certificates of deposit are about as exciting as late-night poker reruns on ESPN. Still, if you want to park your money somewhere safe and insured by FDIC, CDs can at least help you reduce your losses to inflation.
Just be aware upfront that CDs require a minimum deposit period. For example, you may need to deposit the money for at least a year.
This seems like a big sacrifice to me, considering you’re only likely to earn 1.5-2.5% on your money, at maximum. But it’s your money. Check out today’s best cd rates.
Consider using CDs in conjunction with other investments when you need to set money aside in a 100% secure place, for example, to store a tenant’s security deposit. If the alternative is parking it in a savings account, a CD can present an attractive alternative.
10. Private Equity Funds
Speaking of accredited investors, typically, private equity funds are only available to these wealthier investors.
A private equity fund is a pooled fund that invests in a large-scale project, whether a large real estate investment project, a startup company, or some other investing venture. The fund is managed by an individual or management group that oversees the fund’s investments.
Often private equity funds require medium to long-term investment, measured in years.
While these are not viable passive income investments for most of us, they can make excellent passive income streams for the wealthy, and are worth mentioning as a possibility after you make your first million or two.
11. Sublease to Housemates
After the highfalutin options available only to accredited investors, ready to come back down to middle-class reality?
If you’re just beginning your search for how to make passive income, this is an easy place to start. The first home I bought was a townhouse in a happening, historic neighborhood in Baltimore called Fells Point. I wasn’t ready to invite my then-girlfriend (now-wife) to move in with me, but I didn’t need this entire house to myself, either.
So I advertised on Craigslist and Zillow, and showed the property, and collected and screened rental applications. I ended up leasing to a woman named Erika, who later became a close friend, and whose rent covered nearly three-quarters of my mortgage payment.
As an added benefit, she paid for half the utility bills, and sometimes we even shared (or more often took turns with) cooking responsibilities.
Eventually, she met her future husband and moved out, and my future wife Katie moved in, but the four of us have remained incredibly close over the years. We even traveled to northern Italy together a few years back – and shared those expenses, too.
12. Rent Your Car or Parking Space
Familiar with Turo? It’s a simple enough concept: “Airbnb for cars.”
Individuals can rent their cars out short-term to other individuals. Yet another example of the sharing economy at its best!
Turo does provide state-minimum insurance with all bookings, and several options for car owners to add more protection if desired. Still, make sure you do your homework to fully understand all risks and liability for your car before renting it on Turo.
While I’ve never rented out my car on Turo, I have used it many times as a renter. My experiences have been mostly positive, and it saves me hundreds of dollars every time I rent a car on vacation.
I’ve known some car owners to build up a fleet of cars that they rent on Turo, generating considerable passive income. It also makes for a great way to generate ongoing cash from your old cars rather than trading them into the dealer for pennies on the dollar!
Did you know that the average vehicle is parked 96% of the time? Parking spaces are highly valuable. Especially if you live in a city. Individual parking spots can go for as much as $375/month in San Francisco. Let’s say you live in a less expensive city; I bet you could get $100/month, or $1,200/year! Draft up a contract and rent it out!
13. Private Notes
Like the idea of investing in real estate, but don’t want the hassles of ownership and property management?
One option is to lend other real estate investors money for their deals. You can lend directly to investors in the form of a private note and negotiate whatever interest rate is acceptable to both you and your borrower.
For example, I have a loan out right now with a real estate investing couple in Ohio that I know and trust. They have an excellent track record of success. For a nine-month note, I’m earning 1% per month or 12% annually.
The risk? If the borrower defaults, you may have little recourse, unless your note is attached to the property’s deed as a lien.
A word to the wise: don’t start with this passive income stream. Private notes can be incredibly lucrative and even safe, but only to the extent that you know and trust the investors involved.
14. Write a Book
My book, Financial Freedom: A Proven Path to All the Money You Will Ever Need for Penguin Random House, was released in February 2019.
The book is a blueprint for fast-tracking financial independence through personal finance, investing, and entrepreneurship, all broken down step by step. It’s the why, what, and how. I share all of the mistakes I’ve made with stories and strategies from others who’ve done it too. It’s not your typical money book.
It’s a passive income strategy that will continue to pay. Check it out!
15. Publish An E-book
Similarly, publishing a book for the Kindle is one of the best ways to make passive income as a writer.
Self-publishing on Amazon is easier now than ever. There are no startup costs, and you don’t have to convince a publisher to take a chance on your book. Whenever someone buys and downloads your book, you receive author royalties. If you are serious about it, you can make thousands of dollars by self-publishing on Amazon!
16. Create an Alexa Skill
Alexa is the new frontier in personal devices. Just like with apps on smartphones, there is a way to create content on Alexa that you can profit from passively.
The Alexa equivalent of apps is called skills, which are little programs that work with Alexa’s voice-based system to generate content for the end-user. Creating a useful skill can yield high returns to Alexa’s growing userbase.
If you have the technical skills to master this, you can see excellent returns on creating Alexa skills.
Much like data entry, transcription work is relatively mindless that can result in plenty of profit.
Transcriptionist work is relatively involved, but its flexibility makes it a qualifier for this list. As a transcriptionist, you are tasked with listening to audio files and transcribing them. Simple enough, but it typically pays per audio hour. This means that if the audio file is one hour long, you are paid for one hour of work. You usually are not asked to transcribe long periods, so this can make be a flexible way to earn cash.
18. Buy Royalties
Not the artistic sort? Never heard of the Rule of Thirds or an arpeggio?
No sweat. You can buy other artists’ royalties, already pumping along as passive income streams.
There are entire websites dedicated to buying and selling royalties. Try Royalty Exchange to get a sense of what kinds of royalties are available for sale.
Just make sure the royalty rights you buy are just as likely to continue generating sales in the future. Some art forms have a limited lifespan, as anyone who danced the Macarena can attest.
19. Build An Affiliate Marketing Niche Site
A niche website is a site built to attract visitors online with very focused interests. The goal is to become the authority of a specific topic. Content is exceptionally high quality and addresses specific questions related to that topic. The niche site targets a precise keyword, with high search volume, and provides solutions. Typically, search engines boost these sites to the top of the results page.
An affiliate niche website is one that monetizes the site using affiliate marketing and affiliate programs. You can also checkout SEMRush for powerful marketing tools to help you optimize your online business.
With affiliate marketing, you can earn commissions each time someone clicks on an advertiser’s link posted to your page. When you sign up for an affiliate marketing program, you’ll usually be given a personalized affiliate link. These links take users to the official signup page for the software/service but reward you with credit for each new customer you bring in.
These programs are usually free to join, but you may need to be a current customer to participate.
When you sign-up for an affiliate program with recurring commissions, you’ll often be given access to a member dashboard where you can generate affiliate links, track signups, and choose your payment method.
Most of the time, affiliate programs will pay you every 30 to 60 days via PayPal or bank transfer. Each company is different, though, so make sure that you clarify payment times with the software company.
For everything you need to learn to make money through affiliate marketing, this course is the best. It seriously could pay for itself with all the awesome strategies you will learn.
Check out how this guy flipped a niche website for $40,000 in just four months.
20. Start a Podcast
No Ernest Hemingway with the written word?
Writing is a skill, and not everyone is interested in developing it. Another medium for generating useful, educational, or entertaining content is by, well, talking!
If you have a touch of charisma and don’t mind a microphone, try starting a podcast rather than a blog. Just like with a blog, you can earn money from affiliates, or advertisers, or by selling your products and services.
And no, you don’t need a $500 microphone or fancy home studio to get started. Start with a quick Amazon search for the best podcasting headsets under $50.
21. Create an Online Course
Online courses have skyrocketed in popularity over the last five years. Once again, what are you passionate and knowledgeable about?
If you love it, someone else does too. Online courses can be the perfect complement to your blog or podcast: you provide free content to attract the right prospects, then offer a full-service, comprehensive, step-by-step digital course for the ones who are ready to take the next step.
I’ve built several online courses myself. Our blog and landlord software serve mom-and-pop investors looking for how to make passive income from rentals. But for our users who want to go a step further, we have courses on how to retire within five years on rental income, and on how to automate their property management.
Online courses are a tricky way to start if you don’t already have a website. But if you’ve been building good content and attracting an audience through your blog or podcast, consider online courses as a way to “level up” your business from affiliate products and advertisers.
22. Create Software
Technically inclined? If you have the skill to write software, you can create code that other people pay to use on an ongoing basis.
Or not – if you see a need that’s not being met, you can hire someone else to create the software, and then you can sell it as a passive income stream.
Many of us think of software as having a short shelf life, as becoming obsolete quickly. But that’s not always the case, especially for niche software in specific industries. Even when the software does need frequent updating, you can hire a software engineer once a year to modernize and improve it.
And “software” is a broad term. It can include mobile apps, WordPress plugins, online applications, and countless other types of digital property.
If you’re wondering how to make passive income as a software creator, the options don’t end with a one-time sale. You could offer the freemium model of “free with in-app purchases,” or the subscription model of a SaaS (software as a service) website, or annual subscriptions, or a reseller licensing fee.
The options are only as limited as your vision and passive income ideas!
23. Start an E-commerce Business
Yes, digital products help you avoid the logistics of shipping. But we all still live in the physical world, and we all still need physical products.
What physical products do your online users want or need?
While I don’t sell physical products in my business, if I were to expand into them, I could offer products like lockboxes for vacant rental properties, or smart locks that can be opened by anyone who the landlord grants access. No matter what your website’s niche, there’s almost certainly a set of physical products that your users want or need.
And no, you don’t need to ship the products yourself. Use a drop shipping company to handle all the logistics for you.
One more way to add passive income streams to your online business!
24. Buy an Existing Business
Starting a business is a lot of work. Trust me, I know. It’s been the hardest thing I’ve ever done, not just financially or strategically, but emotionally.
If you like the idea of owning a business, but don’t want to go through the hurdles of starting your own, you can skip all the early startup headaches and buy an already-profitable and functioning business.
Brick-and-mortar, e-commerce, online application, or software – you name it, you can buy it. Browse a few businesses for sale on BizBuySell to whet your appetite and see what’s out there.
But if you’re serious about the idea, do in-depth research into the industry, and don’t stop at a single business listing website. Buying a business is an enormous commitment, not just of your funds, but as a business owner, you hold the employees’ careers in your hand. It’s a responsibility that you can’t take lightly.
Do your homework on the business and industry in question. When you think you’ve done all the due diligence, go back and do even more.
25. Outsourcing Your Business
Although businesses profit from the hands-on activity of the owners, it’s sometimes more prudent to connect your service or product with outsourced labor.
Outsourcing labor can deliver quality results while you spend time working on other areas of your life. It can be a way to increase productivity for your firm, but it’s mostly about giving you more time to live your best life.
Several services exist to connect your business to outsourced talents, like Cloudpeeps, Fiverr, Guru, PeoplePerHour, and Upwork. You can also create your own platform for outsourcing talent through social media or networking sites.
This requires a knowledge of highly technical programming skills, but automating online services like advertising or content creation can be a passive income booster.
For a truly passive income generation, automating modern services is an effective way to trawl the net and gain income. Such services are in very high demand and can be used in any other side hustle or business you may create.
Sure, you can hire a manager to oversee any business. But some businesses are designed from start-to-finish with only one goal: stacking up passive income streams.
The classic example is a laundromat. Every washing machine, at every location, is a little-automated worker, ready and willing to generate passive income every hour of every day.
27. Vending Machines
A lot of brick and mortar businesses have spaces that can be utilized by entrepreneurs to deliver small goods at a cheap price.
While vending machines require inventory supply lines and maintenance, they are a good way to increase passive income streams and develop business relationships at the same time.
Other passive income ideas for automated machine services include arcade games, pinball machines, and batting cages.
28. Start a YouTube Channel
Whether you review products, give your opinion on local events or perform entertaining work, there are many ways to earn income passively through a YouTube channel.
While YouTube rewards channels that have higher viewer counts with built-in ad revenue, the easiest way to make money on YouTube is through product endorsements. These can be your own other passive revenue products like e-books or secondhand sales, or you can use affiliate marketing to create on-click revenue.
One video product review could net you several hundred thousand views depending on the item, and a site that perpetually draws in thousands of viewers per video can net a clean passive income.
29. Stock Photos
If you are a photographer or have access to an extensive portfolio, monetizing your photos through the internet is possible on Dreamstime.com. You can sell the rights to your photography to businesses and brands that would like to use them.
It’s also possible to start a small business photo exchange if you’re a passionate photographer. There are a lot of local art shows and exhibitions where you can display your work and create new consumers.
30. Buy and Sell Domain Names for Websites
A lot of people are building businesses online, and a catchy name is a significant part of a marketable brand. Having the right name is crucial to reaching out to a targeted audience.
Investigating new markets and using some creativity to purchase domain names that organizations would find useful can help you earn some cash. This is also great if you have business ideas and would like to do a market research of your own.
31. Rent Out Storage Space
Did you know one in 11 Americans pays for extra storage space?
The self-storage industry is booming and has been for years. As passive income ideas go, this business model is a pretty simple one.
While you could buy or build a full-scale commercial self-storage complex, that’s not the only option. My partner Deni used to rent out space in her garage! And no, it wasn’t enough to make her rich, but it covered about half of her mortgage payment and required no work or headaches on her part.
It’s also far less regulated than the residential rental industry, making evictions far cheaper and faster if the worst happens and your renters default.
32. Manage Social Media Accounts
Small businesses know that to be successful in today’s marketplace, you need to have a social media presence. However, many small business owners do not have the time to keep up with social media.
If you have a knack with social media, you can help local businesses maintain basic social media pages for contracted monthly fees. This isn’t as passive as other options on this list, but you can turn the time spent aimlessly scrolling in the grocery store line into profitable time spent posting for your clients.
33. Get Paid to Install Apps on Your Phone
Admittedly, you won’t get rich from this one. But every penny counts, right?
One option is behavior tracking apps, which aggregate data from as many users as possible to create an accurate snapshot of how people use their mobile devices. Nielsen Digital and Mobile Expression are two such examples, which offer rewards to users who allow their usage to be tracked.
But these usage-tracking apps aren’t the only option. If having your behavior tracked is too Orwellian for your taste, why not use an app that helps you save money automatically?
Apps like Acorns, Qapital, and Chime online banking move money to savings for you without you having to lift a finger. In some cases, they round up your debit card purchases to the nearest dollar and transfer the difference to your savings account. If you approve, some of the apps even invest the money into index funds on your behalf.
34. Refinance Your Mortgage
While this may not sound like a source of income, you could unknowingly be paying way more for your mortgage than you need to. By refinancing your mortgage, you can take back the portion of your income going towards your interest rate and reinvest it.
The name of the game is comparing interest rates across lenders. By shopping around for lower interest rates, you can save yourself thousands of dollars over the course of your loan. This money can then be reinvested or boost your overall savings.
35. Financial Reward Programs
There are several opportunities to cash in on financial rewards from credit cards, promotional offers, and apps.
Many credit card companies offer cash reward bonuses for signing on to their credit line and cashback for purchases using the card. Several promotional offers can be found that offer discounts on prices for popular objects. Some apps incentivize use by offering a substantial percentage point decrease in price.
Although these offers are frequently limited and require spending to maintain, they can be part of a strategy of increasing overall cash flow.
36. Become an Angel Investor
Unlike lending or being an active participant in the decisions of the businesses, angel investing is about finding companies you believe in, pumping in capital, and waiting for the company to make it big.
Using a website like AngelList, get connected to several businesses looking for cash flow in exchange for equity or future profit indexes. This is good for a diversified portfolio or if you have plenty of savings on hand.
37. Inventory Investment for Small Businesses
A lot of companies need money to get off the ground, but what about businesses that need help supplying customers with their products?
A website, kickfurther.com, gives you the ability to invest in companies meeting their inventory needs. You’ll see a return on your investment when the business turns a profit.
This is a way of investing in a different part of the business cycle than usual.
38. Invest in a Food Truck
Food trucks are not only delicious, but they are an excellent source of revenue! If you know someone who wants to start a food truck but needs a little backing, investing in them can be a good financial decision.
Because they are low maintenance and can go right to the customer, food trucks have become a popular startup idea. When you invest in a food truck, you will receive a payout when they turn a profit. People are always looking for delicious food, and food trucks are an excellent low-risk start-up idea to invest in.
39. Rent Personal Items
Just like renting homes or rooms, renting out personal property is a way to increase your passive income stream.
Sites like FatLlama can help you advertise your things to people who may be interested in renting it. Although you might need to purchase insurance and perform maintenance to keep your stuff up to snuff, the benefits of renting out personal items mean regenerating your cash flow and recuperating expenditures.
40. Rent Out Old Baby Gear
Baby equipment is a frustrating expense. Babies need cribs and highchairs, but they ultimately grow up, and that equipment becomes useless.
If you have any baby equipment, you can rent it to new parents on sites like BabyQuip.com. This can turn into a passive side hustle and put old baby gear to use again.
41. Lease Equipment
Own some equipment you’re not using?
It could be anything: farm equipment, industrial equipment, office equipment, even your lawnmower. Someone could use it.
For that matter, you could lease furniture to Realtors looking to stage homes, or lease party tents, or those bouncy-houses that kids jump around in at the county fair.
Again, there’s a niche for everything. And an opportunity for anyone brainstorming how to make passive income.
42. Sell Retargeting Advertisements
One way that marketers increase their reach is through a process known as retargeting.
In retargeting, personal information scripts are taken from websites to recalibrate advertising in future page clicks for consumers. This means that consumer information from your website can be used by marketers to help them guide consumers to their own internal advertising processes.
43. Freelance Graphic Design
Freelance graphic design can help build your toolkit for a career in design and also scratch your creative itch.
Similar to a social media manager, freelance graphic designers work with small businesses or brands who want to improve the look and feel of their brand. You would create content for their website, social media channels, or newsletters. If you are skilled in InDesign or Photoshop, graphic design is a great way to generate additional income.
44. Sell Your Clothes
Have you ever pulled a piece of clothing out of your closet and realized you’ve never worn it? Try selling it online!
Sites like Poshmark or ThredUp allow you to sell or trade-in your old clothes for cash or site credit. You can earn some of the money back that you spent on a clothing item. This means that the dress you bought years ago and never wore is not an entirely sunk cost.
Plus, buying clothes secondhand prevents them from ending up in a landfill. After all, one man’s trash is another man’s treasure!
45. Sell Your Plasma
If you are queasy about blood or needles, feel free to skip this one.
A money-earning scheme commonly used by college students, selling your plasma can be a way to earn a few bucks when you need it.
There are undoubtedly other less invasive ways you can earn cash, but it is worth mentioning if you are in a pinch.
46. Start an Etsy Store
Crafty? Turn your crafts into cash with an Etsy store.
Etsy is one of the easiest ways to start an online business. Etsy is a platform that lets users buy and sell home-made arts and crafts. Many hobbyists sell their creations online and gain popularity through the site. Etsy also makes it easy to get paid and ship through their site. Depending on what you sell and how popular it is, you can create a legitimate revenue stream through Etsy.
47. Participate in a Sleep Study
When I say ‘learn how to get paid while you sleep,’ I mean it!
There is plenty of research around sleep, and researchers are always looking for healthy participants for their study. If you are in good health, you may qualify for the study. They typically administer a physical and psychological evaluation to get a baseline. You are paid every step of the way, and you can make thousands of dollars from one study alone. If this isn’t a way to get paid lying down, I don’t know what is.
48. Become a Notary
Becoming a notary is a low-cost investment but can bring in a healthy revenue stream.
Notaries are officials that oversee specific legal processes, such as acting as witnesses in document signing. All you will need to do is witness document signings or oversee mortgage signings. It only costs about $100 to become a notary, but you can make thousands of dollars a month by acting as a notary.
49. Customer Interviews
Companies count on consumer feedback to understand a product’s success in the marketplace.
Respondent is a site that connects companies with customers willing to give feedback and facilitates those interviews. You can do this in person or remotely. By providing feedback on products that you tried, you can make an average of $140 an hour.
50. Raw Land Flipping
This one sounds strange, but it can be an alternative to rental properties.
Raw land flipping is when you buy vacant land and clean it up so that it sells for a profit. The premise behind raw land flipping is that people are willing to pay more for land that they can envision a home on. By cleaning up weeds or brush and marking up rough property lines, you can turn an easy profit without dealing with tenants.
51. Become a Brand Ambassador
There are plenty of companies looking for people to be the face of the brand. Brand ambassadorship is one way that they accomplish this.
As a brand ambassador, you would help with local marketing efforts and post about the brand on your social media channels. Companies will typically pay you for your efforts and also offer you an affiliate marketing code for any commission sales. You are essentially getting paid twice, once for promoting, and then for any sales you make.
52. House Sitting
House sitting is one of the easiest ways to generate passive income.
When people go out of town, they pay people to stay at their place and keep an eye on things. You may be asked to water plants or care for pets, but it is a very low effort job that can pay pretty well. You get to hang out at their house and do everything you would otherwise do at home – all while getting paid for it.
53. Vehicle Advertising
If you don’t mind putting advertising on your car, you can make a nice chunk of change just by driving around.
By letting companies use your car as a mobile billboard, you can make a few hundred dollars a month. Sites like Wrapify can connect you with companies who are interested in placing advertisements on personal vehicles. This can be a good alternative if you aren’t into the idea of ridesharing.
If you have expertise in business or other fields, you could be paid simply for your opinion.
Clarity.fm is a site where you can consult businesses or startups remotely. People can pay for advice on consulting from experts on the site. Whether you are an expert in human resources, legal matters, or social media, your opinion can easily turn a profit for you.
55. Lose Weight
HealthyWage is a site that works like a bet. You make a wager on how much weight you will lose in a period of time. If you achieve your goal, HealthyWage pays you.
This can be a good incentive if you need to lose a few pounds. However, avoid this if you struggle with your relationship with food. This list is 61 items long for a reason.
56. Participate in Scientific Studies
Although not truly passive, participating in clinical trials and scientific studies can be a way to earn income while potentially doing good. You can find clinical trials that fit your schedule at ClinicalTrials.gov.
57. Design Logos
This goes along with freelance graphic design, but designing logos is a great way to improve your portfolio and flex your creative muscle.
99Designs is a service that allows graphic designers to submit ideas for logos to businesses. The business will then pay for the best one. This one can feel like a waste if your design isn’t chosen, but the payout and chance to improve your creative portfolio can help you in the long run.
58. Be an Extra in Movies
If you are in a major production city like L.A. or New York, being an extra can be an easy way to make a few bucks.
Being an extra involves a lot of sitting around, during which you can do other productive things. Ultimately, you can make some money and maybe see a celebrity or two while you’re at it.
59. Email Marketing
Small businesses are looking for all the marketing help that they can get. Email marketing, while it may seem mundane, is still a prevalent form of small business marketing.
Many small business owners don’t have the time to do their own email marketing. Through technologies like MailChimp or Emma, you can easily create email templates that you can personalize and automate. From there, you just schedule the emails and forget about it.
60. Create an Audiobook
Creating an audiobook increases the reach of your potential audience.
There are tools out there available to help you, which can partner you with producers or allow you to sell your already created audiobook, such as ACX. The more channels you employ for your product, the broader your scope of sales increase.
61. Make Money Watching TV
If you have a habit of watching a film, television or playing video games, there are several ways you can turn this activity to a passive income stream.
You can also stream your activity on a streaming service or on YouTube. Video game streaming is already a huge business, and if it’s something you enjoy, you can easily capitalize on that activity.
4 Types of Passive Income
Not all passive income is created equal. There are many different ways that you can make money while you sleep!
In general, passive income is money made from assets that you control. Whether that be things you own that aren’t being used, spare time that you need to occupy, or using existing wealth to increase your cash flow.
There are four types of passive income that we will cover in this article, and you will see some examples of each when we list ways that you can create passive income.
If someone’s ever told you, ‘you need to spend money to make money,’ they were probably talking about building cash-flowing assets.
Cash-flowing assets are investments that require wealth but create steady cash flow in the long run. These are assets like real estate, buying an existing business, or dividend funds.
It takes money to get started on these, but the investment payout can also be pretty high.
Building or creating something that can be used by others for a cost is a great way to generate an income stream. Rather than existing wealth, these assets typically take time and skill to build properly.
If you have ever wanted to create software, build a website, or write a book, they could be a great way to test out your skills and create a passive revenue stream for yourself.
Reverse Passive Income
This form of passive income cuts down on existing monthly expenses to create extra expendable income.
You may be unintentionally spending more than you need to on things like your power bills or mortgage payments. By refinancing or changing a few simple habits, you could free up some of your existing income and reinvest it back into opportunities to make even more money.
Share or Sell Assets
You can use, sell, or rent out items you already own that are collecting dust.
Have an extra room in your house that you can rent out to a housemate or Airbnb? Maybe you have old baby equipment that don’t need anymore? This is a way that you can create wealth with things that are no longer useful to you.
This doesn’t have to be limited to physical items. You can use extra resources like time or skills to build wealth. If you go for an evening walk and can make money walking a neighbor’s dog, go for it.
If you have any assets that can easily be used to create income quickly, don’t let that opportunity go to waste!
How to Save for Passive Income Investments
Many of the passive income ideas on this list require a financial investment on your part.
So, where does that money come from? From your savings, of course.
What’s your current savings rate? In other words, what percentage of your after-tax monthly income are you setting aside for investing?
I track my spending and savings rate with this free tool.
Current Budget Audit
Take an uncomfortably close look at your current budget. Start with the revenue side: four weeks’ net pay as your monthly income. (Four weeks’ pay is all you can count on in any given month, so your budget should be based on that, not your annual income divided by 12.)
Next, list all fixed monthly expenses. This includes your rent or mortgage payment, your car payment, your home internet bill, and any other monthly expenses that are consistent month-to-month.
Then list out your variable monthly expenses that you incur every month, but which vary. Food, entertainment, water, gas, and electric bills are all examples. Go back six months to form a long-term average.
Finally, look at irregular expenses. These hit you every year, but not every month. Examples include holiday gifts, birthday gifts, wedding and baby shower gifts, insurance, travel, healthcare costs. Review every statement for the last year, and then form a monthly average.
Spoiler alert: you won’t like what you find. Most Americans spend far too much on variable and irregular expenses and don’t even know it.
Armed with this knowledge, uncomfortable as it was to compile, you can start hacking away at all of your fixed, variable, and irregular expenses. Set to work on a new budget, brainstorming creative ways you can cut your fixed expenses, not just your variable expenses.
Automate Your Savings
Once you’ve tightened up your budget and set a higher savings rate, it’s time to ensure you achieve it every month.
You probably have a checking account for day-to-day expenses. Perhaps you also have an emergency fund. That’s a great start.
Now, set up a separate savings account for irregular expenses. You’ve set a budget for each irregular expense; now set up automatic transfers to take place every payday for your irregular expenses. Then, when the holidays come around, or your insurance bill comes due, you can pay from your irregular expenses fund.
Even more importantly, open an account for savings to invest in passive income. It could be at your primary bank, but the problem is the money is too conveniently accessible there. You see it every time you log into your online banking.
It’s too easy to raid.
Consider opening an account in a different bank to use for passive income investments. Then, just as you did with your irregular expenses, set up automatic transfers to take place every time you get paid. This portion of your paycheck is your savings rate.
Discipline fails all of us sooner or later, so automate your savings, so you don’t have to rely on it. Out of sight, out of mind, and what’s left in your operating checking account is what you can live on month-to-month.
As the months go by, your investment funds will pile up, and you’ll be ready to start investing to build passive income streams.
One of the best savings accounts with high-interest rates is with Discover Bank.
Increase Income Streams
To help make enough money to invest in passive income ideas, you need to increase your income streams. Do you have a side hustle?
A side hustle is anything you do to make extra money outside of your full-time job. Anyone can go out and make a few hundred extra bucks a week on the side.
You can do anything – mow lawns, walk dogs, shovel snow, babysit, code online, tutor, make deliveries, drive people, flip on eBay, sell a product on Amazon, participate in focus groups, blog, or an infinite number of things. But not all side hustles are created equal since some can make you a lot more money than others. The best side hustles are the ones where you own your time.
Put Your Money to Work with a Passive Income
If you take nothing else from this list, consider this: increase your savings rate, automate it, and then put that money to work for you.
Robert Kiyosaki uses the metaphor that every dollar you save can be dressed for work and sent out to earn money for you. Most of the passive income ideas above come with some degree of risk. Many require education on your part if you are to succeed.
Just because passive income doesn’t require work, it doesn’t mean it doesn’t need work and money upfront!
Build passive income streams while you’re young and fit and can harness the power of compounding over time. By doing so, you set the stage for retiring young and wealthy. We feature success stories all the time on our website, of everyday people who retired at 29 or 32 or 36 based on their rental income.
But if you don’t learn how to make passive income while you sleep, prepare to work until you die.